Commonwealth of Australia
Chapter I. Part II and Part III.
Chapter I. Part II. -- The Senate.
7. The Senate shall be composed of senators for each State, who
representatives of and directly chosen by the people of the State,
until the Parliament otherwise provides, as one electorate.
Chapter I. Part III. -- The House of Representatives.
24. The House of Representatives, shall represent the people of
and shall be, composed of members, who shall be
of and directly chosen, by the people of the Commonwealth.
29. Until the Parliament of the Commonwealth otherwise provides,
of any State may make laws for determining the divisions in
for which members of the House of Representatives may be
and the number of members to be chosen for each division.
shall not be formed out of parts of different States.
absence of other provision each State shall be one electorate.
The Constitution does
not directly mention the Commonwealth is of one Electorate
but Section 5 of Commonwealth
of Australia Bill 1897 Preamble states;
"The Commonwealth" shall
mean the Commonwealth of Australia as established
under this Act. "The
States" shall mean such of the colonies of New South Wales,
New Zealand, Queensland,
Tasmania, Victoria, Western Australia, and
South Australia, including
the northern territory of South Australia, as for the time
being are parts of
the Commonwealth and such colonies or territories as may be
admitted into or established
by the Commonwealth as States and
each of such parts
of the Commonwealth shall be called "a State".
30. Until the Parliament otherwise provides, the qualification
of members of the House of Representatives shall be in each State
is prescribed by the law of the State as the qualification of electors
more numerous House of Parliament of the State; but in the choosing
each elector shall vote only once.
of political parties who are members of the Federal and State
are in contempt of the Constitution subject to;
Section 44 Subsection (1 ), (5 ),
vacate their seats in and of the Parliament subject to Section 44.
7 and 24 as a party intermediary,
Directly: In a direct manner, without intermediary, immediately.
In the middle, between, intervening.
An intermediate agent....Political Parties are an example.